Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio) is the codename for a clandestine NATO "stay-behind" operation in Italy after World War II. Its purpose was to continue anti-communist actions in the event of a shift to a Communist party led government. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian branch of the NATO stay-behind organizations, "Operation Gladio" is used as an informal name for all stay-behind organizations, sometimes called "Super NATO". The name Gladio is the Italian form of gladius, a type of Roman shortsword.
Mentioned by Malory Archer on the episode "Lo Scandalo ," where she admits to participating in it. Lana describes it as turning into a "crypto-fascist shitshow, starring Allen Dulles and a bunch of former Nazis."